Almost three-fourths of the surface of the world covers the regions of marine. This may include coral reefs, estuaries, and as well as oceans. Marine algae are responsible in supplying the oxygen of the world. This also takes a real huge part in the so called atmospheric carbon dioxide. The seawater would evaporate. This is why it would most likely provide rainwater for most of the lands out there. What else can be learned about marine biome facts? There are points to ponder in estuaries, oceans and coral reefs. What are these?
This is known to be the largest part of the whole ecosystem. The oceans, most of them, are large bodies of water which are meant to dominate the surface of the earth. Like most lakes and ponds, the regions of the ocean can be separated into various zones. These zones are abyssal, intertidal, benthic and even pelagic. These mentioned zones come with a great diversity of species. There are some who say that the ocean contain even the richest diversity of lots of species even if they come with fewer species. They are most especially when they are on the land.
The intertidal zone will always meet the land. There are occurrences when they would submerge the said resources. Tides and waves would just come in and out. This is for certain. There are communities that are in constant change too. As for most rocky coasts, the zone may be stratified in a vertical manner.
The oceans may have to be talked about in a long manner because they go in many zones such as benthic zone, pelagic zone last but not the least – abyssal. In all of these, abyssal zone is dubbed as the deep ocean. That is the difference.
- Coral Reefs
These coral reefs, as many know, are equally distributed in waters, most especially when they are warm shallow. These will be found on most barriers just along various continents. For example, take a look at the Great Barrier Reef off Australia. These may also be in atolls and even fringing islands. Dominant organisms are in the corals and coral reefs too. These corals are interesting enough. These may be made up of algae, and even tissues of this animal polyp.
There are times when reef waters are poor nutritionally. Corals would come with nutrients through the existence of algae and this is possible because of the photosynthesis going on. This is why tentacles will have to be extended at some point. This is a chance to obtain and own plankton coming from the water.
Estuaries are considered to be the areas wherein freshwater streams, or even rivers, merge with that of the ocean. Waters will be mixed in various salt concentrations. These would create interesting and unique ecosystem. Microflora may be Microflora, algae, seaweeds, mangrove trees and marsh grasses. Estuaries are most likely to be in support with how diverse fauna is. This includes various oysters, waterfowl, and crabs and as well as worms.